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Population: 3,026,271
Area: 1,565,000 square km 
Capital: Ulaanbaatar 
Official language:  Mongolian over 90%
Major religion: Buddhism 
Literacy: about 93%
Political system: Parliamentary republic 

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Mongolia is located in the central part of Asia, neighboring with Russia and China. The total territory of the country is 1.5 million square kilometers and the most sparsely populated country in the world. Mongolia is the eighteenth largest country in the world by size of territory. It is also the world's second-largest landlocked country. The average altitude is 1580m above sea level. The highest point is the Khuiten peak (4374) in the west. Mongolia is home to high mountains, wide steppe and Gobi desert. Additionally, Mongolia is land of a lot of species of fauna and flora such as 136 mammal species, almost 400 different types of birds and 76 species of fish. There are some rarest animals like Gobi bear, snow leopard etc.


Mongolia has an extreme continental climate with long, cold winters and short summers. 
In winter, temperatures can drop to minus 50 degree whereas summer’s temperatures can rise to 25 degrees. The coldest month is January. Mongolia is the land of winds and especially sharp winds blow in spring. Mongolia usually has about 250 sunny days a year because it is called as “the land of blue sky”.