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NORTHERN MONGOLIA


Northern Mongolia is one of the most beautiful areas of the country with density forested mountains, steppe, crystal rivers and lakes and often known as the home of the Reindeer people (Tsaatan People) and shamans. Thirty families of Tsaatan (reindeer breeders) with a unique living traditional culture live in taiga (Eastern and western Taiga)
The northern region is home to various ethnic groups such as Khalkha, Darhad and Buryat as well as the spectacular taiga fauna and flora where reindeer herders breed reindeers. 

Khuvsgul lake

Known as "The Dark Blue Pearl", Lake Khuvsgul is Mongolia's largest and deepest lake. it is the largest tributary stream of Lake Baykal Russia and 101km from Moron city. It is one of seventeen ancient lakes worldwide more than 2 million years old. Lake Huvsgul region is a destination in itself and an entire tour could be devoted to this specific part of Mongolia. Huvsgul basin is a very fragile ecosystem. Huvsgul lake clean water 1 time in 500 years. Only Egiin gol /Eg river/ flows out from Huvsgul lake although total 111 rivers flow in Huvsgul lake. Area of lake is 2760 km2 and it is 1645 m above sea level and is frozen from January until April or May. 
A ferryboat operates between Khatgal and Khankh, two towns on the southern and northern shores of the lake that are within the boundaries of the Khuvsgul National Park. Follow the cultural events on the ship "Sukhbaatar", visit the village of tsaatan, enjoy the mini naadams, tsaatan's deer racing and participate in meetings with shamans. Other activities include fishing which is allowed with a permit costing $3. Fish are abundant in the lake: Taimen, Siberian White fish, Siberian grayling, Lenok, Umber, Baigali Omul, River Perch. Lake Khuvsgul is an important migration route for birds from Siberia. Dayan Deerhiin Cave is reputed to have ancient paintings on its walls.

Amarbayasgalant Monastery

One of the 3 largest monasteries in Mongolia and it mostly survived the purges of the 1930s. Located in the Iven valley near the Selenge River, the monastery is about an hour off the main paved road connecting Erdenet and Darkhan. The isolated site surrounded by miles of sparsely populated steppe make it seem as though you are seeing it as it was before the rise of communism and modernization. The monastery was constructed between 1727 and 1736 on orders of the Manchu Emperor Kang Xi in honor of Zanabazar, the 1st Jebtsundamba Khutuktu, or leader of Tibetan Buddhism in Mongolia, who invented the Mongolian Soyombo script and is one of Mongolia's most famous artists and influential leaders. Zanabazar's body was interred here in 1788. At its peak, the monastery had 3,000 monks and 40 temples laid out with symmetrical unity according to exacting design specifications by the Emperor of China. The communists closed the monastery, killed several of the monks, and destroyed 10 of the temples in 1937. Luckily, 26 of the temples survived and have been partially restored through help from UNESCO and the Indian government. Several new stupas and a large statue of Buddha have been added recently to the neighboring hills.

Extinct Urantogoo Mountain

This mountain is an extinct volcano with a crater of 600 m wide and 50 m deep filled with a small “crater lake” about 20 meters in diameter. It has been protected since 1965, and today enjoys the statue of “Natural Monument”. There are green woods in the center of the Crater Lake. It is a really fascinating mountain. Red deer, Argali, Wild boar, Siberian Ibex, ruddy Shelduck, and duck are found in this area..

Erdenet City

Situated in Orkhon province, approximately 375 km from Ulaanbaatar, Erdenet is Mongolia’s third largest city. The city was established in 1975 in order to exploit the large copper ore deposit in the vicinity of the current conurbation. Erdenet currently lays claim to the largest per capita GRDP in Mongolia, at US$ 6,400, as a result of the operations of the Erdenet Mining Corporation’s activities. Once established, Erdenet became the capital of Orkhon province.
The province itself is home to around 89,000 inhabitants and is one of only three provinces (not including the capital city) to have experienced positive net migration over the past decade.

Darkhan City

Darkhan province was built in 1961 as an industrial center in the North and Darkhan-Uul province was established in 1994. With a population of 75 000 inhabitants, Darkhan is the second largest city of Mongolia The province's territory is located 700 meters above sea level and 230km from Capital Ulaanbaatar. It is located along the Mongolian railway linking the north and south of Mongolia. Even if it is located in the heart of the province of Selenge, the city is considered a municipality in its own right. Darkhan-Uul province is the major agricultural producer in Mongolia with rich resources for agricultural development. Darkhan has rich natural resources and mineral deposits as well as an abundance of vegetation and wildlife. There are protected animals such as sable, deer, elk, beaver, and the sturgeon, which are registered in the Red Book. Darkhan was built as the foundation for Mongolia's major industries, particularly construction materials.